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From Adam to Noah – Man’s Wickedness, Nephilim and the Flood

This is the account of Adam’s line from Adam to Noah. Men increased in number. Before the flood, Nephilim were on earth which became full of violence.

This is the written account of Adam’s line. When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God. He created them male and female and blessed them. And when they were created, he called them “man.”

When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Adam lived 930 years, and then he died.

When Seth had lived 105 years, he became the father of Enosh. And after he became the father of Enosh, Seth lived 807 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Seth lived 912 years, and then he died.

When Enosh had lived 90 years, he became the father of Kenan. And after he became the father of Kenan, Enosh lived 815 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Enosh lived 905 years, and then he died.

When Kenan had lived 70 years, he became the father of Mahalalel. And after he became the father of Mahalalel, Kenan lived 840 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Kenan lived 910 years, and then he died.

When Mahalalel had lived 65 years, he became the father of Jared. And after he became the father of Jared, Mahalalel lived 830 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Mahalalel lived 895 years, and then he died.

When Jared had lived 162 years, he became the father of Enoch. And after he became the father of Enoch, Jared lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Jared lived 962 years, and then he died.

When Enoch had lived 65 years, he became the father of Methuselah. And after he became the father of Methuselah, Enoch walked with God 300 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Enoch lived 365 years. Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, because God took him away.

When Methuselah had lived 187 years, he became the father of Lamech. And after he became the father of Lamech, Methuselah lived 782 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Methuselah lived 969 years, and then he died.

When Lamech had lived 182 years, he had a son. He named him Noah and said, “He will comfort us in the labor and painful toil of our hands caused by the ground the LORD has cursed.” After Noah was born, Lamech lived 595 years and had other sons and daughters. Altogether, Lamech lived 777 years, and then he died.

After Noah was 500 years old, he became the father of Shem, Ham and Japheth. Genesis 5:1-32

Adam: Adam’s name means man. He was the first man. The Hebrew word for Adam is closely related to the Hebrew word for red clay. The potter has the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for noble purposes and some for common use (Romans 9:21).

Seth: Adam’s son was named Seth, which means appointed. In Genesis 4:25 Eve called his name Seth. She said that God hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.

Enosh: Seth’s son was called Enosh, which means man or mankind in its frailty and weakness – mortal, frail, or miserable. It is from the root anash, to be incurable, used of a wound, grief, woe, sickness, or wickedness.

Kenan: Enosh’s son was named Kenan, which comes from the verb (qin), meaning to chant a dirge. Kenan can mean sorrow, dirge, or elegy.

Mahalalel: Kenan’s son was Mahalalel, from Mahalal which means blessed or praise; and El, the name for God. Thus, Mahalalel means the blessed God.

Jared: Mahalalel’s son was named Jared, from the verb yaradh, meaning shall come down.

Enoch: The name Enoch comes from the verb (hanak) meaning dedicate, begin. The name Enoch means initiate, teach or make wise.

Methuselah: Enoch was the father of Methuselah and walked with God after he begat Methuselah. Apparently, Enoch received the prophecy of the Great Flood, and was told that as long as his son was alive, the judgment of the flood would be withheld. The year that Methuselah died, the flood came.

The name Methuselah consists of two elements. The first part is (mat), which is one of a few words to denote man or mankind, and used most often to indicate a male capable of combat. There is an obvious and grim connection with the word (mut), to die; corpse. The second part comes from the verb (shalah) meaning send, send out, let go. The charge of the verb becomes clear in the meaning of the derivatives: (shelah), a sort of weapon that was thrown, like a javelin.

Methuselah can be literally translated to mean “a man with a javelin” or “man with a mission.” Jones’ Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads, “When he is dead it shall be sent.”

Lamech: Methuselah’s son was named Lamech, a root still evident today in our own English word, lament or lamentation. Lamech suggests despairing.

Noah: Lamech was the father of Noah. Noah comes from the verb (nuah) meaning rest. This type of rest may be related to the Hebrew word ??? (nacham) meaning comfort. Lamech named his son Noah because Noah was to bring comfort in their toil and labor to work the cursed land.

NAME/MEANING

Adam/Man

Seth/Appointed

Enosh/Mortal

Kenan/Sorrow

Mahalalel/The Blessed God

Jared/Shall come down

Enoch/Teaching

Methuselah/His death shall bring

Lamech/The Despairing

Noah/Rest and comfort

The genealogical listing means: Man (is) appointed mortal sorrow; (but) the blessed God shall come down teaching (that) His death shall bring (the) despairing comfort and rest.

When men began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and they married any of them they chose. Then the LORD said, “My Spirit will not contend with man forever, for he is mortal; his days will be a hundred and twenty years.” The Nephilim were on the earth in those days—and also afterward—when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them. They were the heroes of old, men of renown. Genesis 6:1-4

When “men” began to increase on earth, “daughters” were born to them. It seems clear from Scripture that these daughters of men were of human nature. On the other hand, the term, “the sons of God” (B’nai HaElohim) has had two major interpretations.

Some believe that the “Sons of God” are deemed to refer to leadership in the line of Seth while the term “the daughters of men” refers to the line of Cain. If the meaning of the text was to contrast the sons of Seth and the daughters of Cain, why didn’t it say so? Seth was not God (his offspring were supposedly called the sons of God), and Cain was not Adam (Cain’s offspring were supposedly called the daughters of men). Procreation by parents of differing religious views (godly and ungodly lineages) does not produce unnatural offspring. Believers marrying unbelievers do not produce abnormal creatures such as the Nephilim.If Seth’s righteous line survived the flood but Cain’s line and the mixed blood line was destroyed, why were there Nephilim still on the earth after the flood? The Sethite view of the “sons of God” cannot be substantiated.

I agree with the ancient rabbinical sources and the early church fathers that the term, “the sons of God” of Genesis chapter 6 refers to fallen angels.

Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them. Job 1:6

Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD. Job 2:1

In the first two chapters of Job, the term “the sons of God” refer to angelic beings.

In Job 38:4 the LORD questions Job by saying, “Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth?” God is speaking of the creation account in Genesis chapter one. Then in verse 7 the LORD declares to Job… When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

The angels are definitely referred to as the sons of God in the book of Job. The angels shouted for joy before man was created. Although Christian men and women are called “sons of God” or “children of God” in the New Testament, the term “B’nai HaElohim” found in the Old Testament only refers to the angels.

For Christ died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive by the Spirit, through whom also he went and preached to the spirits in prison who disobeyed long ago when God waited patiently in the days of Noah while the ark was being built. 1 Peter 3:18-20a

For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell, putting them into gloomy dungeons to be held for judgment; if he did not spare the ancient world when he brought the flood on its ungodly people, but protected Noah, a preacher of righteousness, and seven others; 2 Peter 2:4-5

The spirit beings or sinning angels who disobeyed God during the time that Noah was building the ark were imprisoned and are being held for final judgment. But what was the nature of their sin?

And the angels who did not keep their positions of authority but abandoned their own home—these he has kept in darkness, bound with everlasting chains for judgment on the great Day. In a similar way, Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding towns gave themselves up to sexual immorality and perversion. They serve as an example of those who suffer the punishment of eternal fire. Jude 1:6-7

The angels who abandoned their home during the days of Noah had left heaven to dwell on earth. Their sin was sexual immorality and perversion (seeking after strange flesh as did the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah).

When the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven. Mark 12:25

Although the angels in heaven evidently are not sexually active this does not mean that they lack reproductive ability. Fallen angels may also be able to introduce genetic alterations into the human gene pool through demon possession of susceptible individuals, evidently especially women. In one way or another, one particular group of fallen angels apparently “possessed” human males or perhaps in some way had direct sexual intercourse with human females.

The Bible basically states that biology allows that human females may be and have indeed been impregnated by spirit beings, a fact of course made ultimately evident in the conception of Jesus Christ. Mary, a daughter of man, was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit (a supernatural being).

When the sons of God went to the daughters of men and had children by them, the end result was that a race of giants, the Nephilim – “the fallen ones” – was brought into the world prior to the Flood. The Nephilim lived before and after the flood of Noah. Before the flood they are mentioned in Genesis 6:4 and after in Numbers 13:33.

The LORD saw how great man’s wickedness on the earth had become, and that every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time. The LORD was grieved that he had made man on the earth, and his heart was filled with pain. So the LORD said, “I will wipe mankind, whom I have created, from the face of the earth—men and animals, and creatures that move along the ground, and birds of the air—for I am grieved that I have made them.” But Noah found favor in the eyes of the LORD. Genesis 6:5-8

The genealogy using the text of Genesis 5 adds up to 1,656 years from Adam to the death of Methuselah. Over 1600 years is more than sufficient time to completely fill up the earth with people. A conservative population growth calculation would place the population at the time of the flood as 7 billion people at least. The earth and its people were subject to the out pouring of the wrath of God when the population of the earth was as it is again in our generation.

This is the account of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked with God. Noah had three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth. Genesis 6:9-10

Noah found favor (grace) in the eyes of the LORD. While the rest of mankind acting wickedly and their thoughts were evil, Noah was righteous and walked with God

Now the earth was corrupt in God’s sight and was full of violence. God saw how corrupt the earth had become, for all the people on earth had corrupted their ways. So God said to Noah, “I am going to put an end to all people, for the earth is filled with violence because of them. I am surely going to destroy both them and the earth. Genesis 6:11-13

God’s coming judgment and the outpouring of His wrath upon the inhabitants of the earth was in response to the great wickedness of the human race, the corrupted character of the people and the violence of mankind.

As Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately. “Tell us,” they said, “when will this happen, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?”

Jesus answered: “Watch out that no one deceives you. For many will come in my name, claiming, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will deceive many. You will hear of wars and rumors of wars, but see to it that you are not alarmed. Such things must happen, but the end is still to come. Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be famines and earthquakes in various places. All these are the beginning of birth pains. Matthew 24:3-8

As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. Matthew 24:37

The Second coming of Christ will be preceded by great violence like in the days of Noah including an increase in war where nation will rise up against nation and kingdom against kingdom. The wickedness and corruption of mankind will be again judged by an outpouring of God’s wrath upon the earth and its inhabitants.

So make yourself an ark of cypress wood; make rooms in it and coat it with pitch inside and out. Genesis 6:14

Noah’s ark was the provision to escape the coming outpouring of God’s wrath. The Hebrew word for atonement is kapar. It means literally, “covering.” Noah’s ark was covered with a coating of pitch, making it a watertight craft. Following Noah’s time in a similar vein, the Mosaic Law had sin “temporarily covered” by the blood of sacrificed animals. Kapar contains the same consonants as the quite similar word koper, which is translated as “pitch.” The pitch covering protected Noah and his family from the floodwaters of judgment, as surely as believers are protected from God’s final wrath by the atoning blood of Jesus Christ.

And this is how you shall make it: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, its width fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. You shall make a window for the ark, and you shall finish it to a cubit from above; and set the door of the ark in its side. You shall make it with lower, second, and third decks. Genesis 6:15-16

The length of a cubit was based on the distance from the elbow to the fingertips. Using a short cubit (18 inches), the ark was to be 450 feet long, 75 feet wide and 45 feet high. God instructed Noah to build an ark that was 300 cubits long, 50 cubits wide and 30 cubits high. This is a ratio of 30 to 5 to 3 (length to breadth to height). These dimensions are the perfect ratio for a huge ship built for seaworthiness and not for speed. It is the optimum design for stability in rough seas. The Ark, as designed by God, was virtually impossible to capsize. It would have to have been tilted over 90 degrees in order to capsize!

“I am going to bring floodwaters on the earth to destroy all life under the heavens, every creature that has the breath of life in it. Everything on earth will perish. But I will establish my covenant with you, and you will enter the ark—you and your sons and your wife and your sons’ wives with you. You are to bring into the ark two of all living creatures, male and female, to keep them alive with you. Two of every kind of bird, of every kind of animal and of every kind of creature that moves along the ground will come to you to be kept alive. You are to take every kind of food that is to be eaten and store it away as food for you and for them.” Genesis 6:17-21

The Ark would have had an internal volume of 1,518,750 cubic feet, or the equivalent of 569 standard railroad boxcars. Noah’s Ark was said to have been the largest sea-going vessel ever built until the late nineteenth century when giant metal ships were first constructed. Assuming the shape of the Ark to be rectangular, there would have been over 100,000 square feet of floor space which would be more floor space than in 20 standard-sized basketball courts.God only provided the Ark for the protection of humans and land-dwelling, air-breathing creatures. A huge number of animals would not need to be taken aboard the Ark because they are water dwellers such as mollusks, fish, amphibians, aquatic reptiles and mammals.

Let us assume that there were 50,000 animals, far more animals than required, on board the ark. Remember that these need not have been the largest of their kind or even adult specimens. There are really only a few very large animals, such as the dinosaur or the elephant, and these could be represented by young ones. Assuming the average animal to be about the size of a sheep and using a railroad car for comparison, note that the average double-deck stock car can accommodate 240 sheep. Thus, three trains hauling 69 cars each would have ample space to carry the 50,000 animals, filling only 37% of the ark. This would leave an additional 362 cars or enough to make 5 trains of 72 cars each to carry all of the food and baggage plus Noah’s family of eight people. The Ark had more than enough space to accommodate all who came on board.

Noah did everything just as God commanded him. Genesis 6:22

By faith Noah, when warned about things not yet seen, in holy fear built an ark to save his family. By his faith he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness that comes by faith. Hebrews 11:7

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